Qualitative Study on the Process of Language Learning in Multilingual Families:A Survey on Parental Awareness

April 21, 2020    0 comment


Proceedings of ‏The 2nd International Conference on Research in Teaching and Education

Year: 2020

DOI:

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Qualitative Study on the Process of Language Learning in Multilingual Families:A Survey on Parental Awareness

DexiaYin1,Katsuro Kitamura 2

 

ABSTRACT: 

This paper examines, through the qualitative method, a Chinese couple living in Japan and conducts a qualitative analysis of the process in which the three children in the family learn multiple languages, including Chinese as theirmother tongue, Japanese as the first language, and the English, whichthey each began at age three. It analyzes how the children use, manage and master these languages. In this study, semi-structured interview questions and field observation records are employed. Data iscollected through follow-up questions with parents and observation and recording of the children’s family interactions, and is analyzed through the guidelines established by Patton (2002). The main findings include: (1) overseas Chinese parents’equal emphasis uponthe learning of English and their mother tongue; (2) the use and planning of languages in the parent-dominated environment; and (3) changes in the parents’communication awareness and participation patterns in the changing process of learning Chinese as a mother tongue as compared toa foreign language.

Keywords: Awareness in the use ofmultiple languages; multilingual competence; language planning; qualitative analysis

 

Dexia Yin

Tohoku University

Katsuro Kitamura

Nihon University

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